Publications: Conceptual and Analytical Work

Contents Environmental Justice International Transfers Urban Leadership

Citizen Participation in City Planning and Development
Using concrete examples of successes and failures from cities around the world, this paper distills the lessons learned about citizen participation in local planning and development. Written for the Model Cities Conference in Singapore, the paper addresses decentralization, the relationship between civil society and participatory democracy, and the role of new laws and administrative structures as necessary but not sufficient to reflect the voice of citizens. 11 pages. Edited by Ooi Giok Ling and published in Model Cities: Urban Best Practices by The Institute of Policy Studies, Singapore. Volume II, July 2000, pages 122-127. MCP-004

Megacities and Our Global Future
The Mead Lecture, presented by Prof. Perlman at Trinity College, highlights the function of megacities as global trendsetters, making the connection between cities and creativity. Perlman argues for the importance of diversity despite problems of "contested space," and raises the question of who the city is for. She shows how knowledge-creation can be translated into new social arrangements and public policies, and urges collaboration rather than competition among the world's
megacities. April 2000. Transcription: MCP-005. Audio cassette: MCP-006

Voices from the Favelas: 30 Years of Poverty and Progress in Rio de Janeiro
This piece, prepared, for World Bank's Urban Age Magazine, summarizes the preliminary findings of current research tracing the life histories of squatters Perlman interviewed 30 years ago for her book, The Myth of Marginality. Using quotes from the original interviewees and their descendants, as well as community leaders involved in "Favela-Bairro," the new up-grading scheme, she draws tentative conclusions about social mobility, civil society, and access to collective urban services. 5 pages. (An edited version of this appeared in The Urban Age, 2000, Pages 34-36, with Perlman's photos.) MCP-007

The Advent of the Megacity in Livable Communities
An interview by Paul Malamud with Janice Perlman discussing sprawl, density, size and the major issues facing mega cities in the 21st Century. Topics covered include the definitions of mega cities, capital cities and global cities; the formal city vs. the informal city; center vs. periphery in urban planning and human settlements; high vs. low-density development; and the first-world city vs. the third-world city. Published as part of the booklet "Livable Communities: Improving Life in the World's Megacities" by the U.S. Information Service. Includes article by AI Gore and Lewis Mumford's classic essay, "The Urban Prospect." 1999, pages 31-40. MCP-008

Monograph on the Inter-Regional Exchange and Transfer of Effective Practices on Urban Management
Prepared by the Mega-Cities Project Core Staff. Introduction by James Gustave Speth, Administrator. UNDP. This bound book, available in English, Spanish, and French, was commissioned by the Special Unit for Technical Cooperation Among Developing Countries of UNDP (United Nations Development Programme). The book provides a new vision for sustainable urban development, documenting 30 effective urban practices across Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and describing South-South cooperation as a basis in transferring these practices. UNDP Publication. 1996, 195 pages. MCP-010

Diffusion of innovation and the Mega-Cities Project
By Everett Rogers.
Written for presentation at the Mega-Cities coordinators' meeting in Jakarta in 1994, this paper analyzes the Mega-Cities model of the diffusion of innovations, The paper compares this model to other diffusion models, relating the work of our organization to the body of theoretical literature on the subject 17 pages. MCP-011

The Life Cycle of Urban Innovations
By Elwood M. Hopkins
This booklet traces seven innovations through five steps in their development: conception, implementation, evaluation, routinization and dissemination. The studies were researched and written 0\1 Mega-Cities teams in Sao Paulo, Buenos Aires, New Delhi, Bangkok and Los Angeles. Published as an Urban Management Program Working Paper, by the World Bank. 1994, 52 pages. MCP-012

Mega-Cities: Global Urbanization and Innovation
By Janice Perlman
Chapter 1 of the book, Urban Management Policies and Innovations in Developing Countries, edited by Shabbir Cheema, is a comprehensive and academic presentation of global urbanization trends, correlation with economic development, and enabling conditions for innovation. It also lays out policy implications and an approach to a more desirable future. Greenwood/Praeger Press, Westport, Connecticut. 1993, pages 19-50. MCP-013

A Dual Strategy for Deliberate Social Change in Cities
By Janice Perlman
This introductory article from the special issue of CITIES provides the conceptual and theoretical underpinnings for new ways of urban thinking and practice. It deals with the emergence of megacities on the world stage; how the traditional policy responses have failed; the new challenges; and the opportunities. Includes research questions, activities, and initial findings of the Mega-Cities Project. Can be ordered separately from complete issue (ITEM: MCP-015l. 1990, 12 pages. MCP-014

Special Issue of CITIES Journal: "Urban Innovation for the 21st Century"
Edited by Janice Perlman and Lorie Blueweiss
Contains articles on the conceptual approach to innovation, the political and economic context, and profiles of the best innovations from 12 mega cities. Contributors, all Mega-Cities network members, include: Alan Altschuler, Marc Zegans, Ian Masser, Bishwapriya Sanyal, Jeffrey Leonard, Patti Petesch, John Eberhard, Michael Cohen, Silvio Caccia Bava, Susana Finquelievich, Ora pin Sopchokchai, Pratibha Mehta, Sheila Patel, Aprodicio Laquian, Yoshinobu Kumata, Carol Walters, George Walters, David Hutchinson, Jorge Wilheim, Enrique Ortiz, Enoch M'rabu, Tomi Asenuga, and Carmen Fabriani. Butterworth & Co. Publishers, London. 1990,52 pages. MCP-015

Misconceptions About the Urban Poor and The Dynamics of Housing Policy Evolution
Journal of Planning Education and Research, Vol.B No.3, Spring 1987, pp.187-196
by Janice Perlman.
This article won the first Chester Rapkin Award from the ACSP for best article in the field in 1987. It traces the dialectic between informal sector needs for shelter and formal housing policy at city, national, and international levels, and includes a diagram outlining the conceptual and paradigm shifts compared with policy changes, showing the 25 year lag between ideas and implementation. 10 pages. MCP-016

Mega-Cities and Innovative Technologies
By Janice Perlman in CITIES: The International Quarterly of Urban Policy Describes the seminal urban innovations of 100 years ago and argues that the scientific and technological advances since then have been geared toward military and individual consumption. Shows the potential to make our urban infrastructure more ecologically sustainable and cost effective through a blending of traditional, decentralized and cutting-edge, high-end technologies. May 1987, 9 pages. MCP-017

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